Monday, March 21, 2011

Diving Accidents Fast Facts

Aside from drowning, another serious accident that can happen in a swimming pool is diving. Although the common outcome of diving accidents are head, neck and back injuries, there are cases of diving accidents where the victim go unconscious, submerge in the water and drown.


What the statistics say

  • 6,500 adolescents a year are brought to the hospital because of diving-related injuries
  • 64% of injuries happened in inground swimming pools while 36% occurred in above ground pools
  • Almost half of these injuries take place during a swimming pool party where alcohol or sometimes drugs are involved.
  • 80% of injuries occurred in shallow water of 4 feet or 1.2 meters or less
Causes of injuries

  • 70% - headfirst dives
  • 18% - jumps or cannonballs
  • 12% - flips or handstands

58% of injuries are cuts and bruises mostly from hitting the diving board or platform and even the professionals can fall victims.




Blame it on the diving board?


The tempting look of the diving board makes it easy for some people to point the finger at it as the cause of a diving accident.This is a common misconception.

Spinal Cord Injury Information Network and the University of Alabama at Birmingham concluded that less than 10% of all swimming pool diving injuries involve a diving board. As long as the diving board is properly installed on the proper pool area, well maintained and supervised, there's a lower risk of diving accidents.

A diving board can even "tell" the swimmers of the deep part of the pool where it is safe to dive and prevent swimmers from making contact with the pool's edge that can cause injury. It also warns the children about the possible danger of the pool's deep-end part.

How to prevent pool diving accidents


Studies shows that in 10 diving accidents 8 of them happened in a swimming pool that has no warning signs.

However, swimmers, mostly males, would ignore such warning signs especially if other swimmers are diving into the pool. This is where social factors come into play.

Supervision is the best way to prevent diving accidents the fact that 9 of 10 cases don't have a lifeguard on duty.

For pool owners, it is very important to clearly mark the depth of the pool and install the diving board at the correct place; for 1 meter springboard it is recommended to place it at 11 feet pool depth and for 3 meters board, 13 feet depth is the minimum.

Proper pool lighting should not be compromised especially during pool parties.

For pool users, be familiar with the pool first before diving. A poorly lit pool has greater risk of diving accidents.

Don't drink and dive and comply with the warning or the lifeguard's whistle blast.


Sources: ABC News
              Visual Expert

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